When can one take Sannyasa?

2018-05-16 16:53:26

According to Ashrama System, there are four stages of life:

Brahmacharya

Grihashtha

Vanaprashtha

Sannyasa

So, Can one only take Sannyasa after Vanaprashtha or even before Vanaprastha? More precisely I want to know when can one take Sannyasa?

Is there any scriptural guidance about when to take Sannyasa?

The Ashrama system is designed according to the stages of life viz. student, householder, retired and renounced life according to age and are related to the proper combination of four Purushartha viz. Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.

Though there is no strict rule that one can take Sannyasa only after Vanaprasthashrama. One can take Sannyasa from any Ashrama and at the instantaneous moment which distaste for it dawns on him according to spiritual level.

From Jabala Shruti/Upanishad (verse 4):

Sanskrit verse quoted from Sanskrit Documents

अथ हैनं जनको वैदेहो याज्ञवल्क्यमुपसमेत्योवाच

भगवन्संन्यासं ब्रूहीति । स होवाच याज्ञवल्क्यः ।

ब्रह्मचर्यं परिसमाप्य ग

  • The Ashrama system is designed according to the stages of life viz. student, householder, retired and renounced life according to age and are related to the proper combination of four Purushartha viz. Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.

    Though there is no strict rule that one can take Sannyasa only after Vanaprasthashrama. One can take Sannyasa from any Ashrama and at the instantaneous moment which distaste for it dawns on him according to spiritual level.

    From Jabala Shruti/Upanishad (verse 4):

    Sanskrit verse quoted from Sanskrit Documents

    अथ हैनं जनको वैदेहो याज्ञवल्क्यमुपसमेत्योवाच

    भगवन्संन्यासं ब्रूहीति । स होवाच याज्ञवल्क्यः ।

    ब्रह्मचर्यं परिसमाप्य गृही भवेत् । गृही भूत्वा वनी

    भवेत् । वनी भूत्वा प्रव्रजेत् । यदि वेतरथा

    ब्रह्मचर्यादेव प्रव्रजेद्गृहाद्वा वनाद्वा ॥

    अथ पुनरव्रती वा व्रती वा स्नातको वाऽस्नातको

    वोत्सन्नग्निको वा यदहरेव विरजेत्तदहरेव प्रव्रजेत् ।

    तद्धैके प्राजापत्यामेवेष्टि,न् कुर्वन्ति । तदु तथा न

    कुर्यादाग्नेयीमेव कुर्यात् ॥

    English translati

    2018-05-16 18:07:10
  • When one can take Sanyasa?

    The answer is also provided in Shreemad Bhagvat Purana by Lord Shree Krishna himself (Skanda 11 Chapter 18 verse 12) The name of the chapter is" Dharma of Vaanprastha & Sansyasis"

    Here is the sanskrit shloka-:

    यदा कर्मविपाकेषु लोकेषु निरयात्मसु। 

    विरागो जायते सम्यङ्ग न्यस्तग्नि: प्रव्रजेत्तत:॥12॥

    yadā karma-vipākeṣu lokeṣu nirayātmasu virāgo jāyate samyaṅ nyastāgniḥ

    pravrajet tataḥ

    Meaning of Vedbase site - If the vānaprastha, understanding that even promotion to Brahmaloka is a miserable situation, develops

    complete detachment from all possible results of fruitive activities, then he may take the sannyāsa order of life.

    SB 11.18.12

    Meaning in Gita Press Gorakhapur version -: When Vaanprastha feels that the lokas which one acquire by fruits of Karma are

    miserable as Hell . And when realizing this when he develops complete

    detachment from life .He may take the sanyasa.

    2018-05-16 18:43:10