Show me the difference between the following suffixes?

2018-01-13 00:27:01

Could you please show the difference in meaning of the suffix “-hood” and “-ship”, especially when they met at the same line to imply “a state or condition”

To me, they both sound the same.

For example,

Brotherhood, and friendship

How are they, -ship and -hood, different in meaning?

And you, as a native speaker, if you were to create a new word, with which situation, which of both would you choose to join it?

You're right! There isn't really any semantic difference, they're functionally equivalent. What's more, they both have Germanic roots, although I can't think of any non-Germanic root words that take -hood, only -ship. The converse is not true: I can think of plenty of Germanic words that take -ship (friendship, for example).

I'm a native English speaker and I can't tell any pattern. The difference is purely idiomatic and something you'll have to memorize, I'm afraid. Unfortunately, -hood and -ship aren't interchangeable. You would sound very silly sa

  • You're right! There isn't really any semantic difference, they're functionally equivalent. What's more, they both have Germanic roots, although I can't think of any non-Germanic root words that take -hood, only -ship. The converse is not true: I can think of plenty of Germanic words that take -ship (friendship, for example).

    I'm a native English speaker and I can't tell any pattern. The difference is purely idiomatic and something you'll have to memorize, I'm afraid. Unfortunately, -hood and -ship aren't interchangeable. You would sound very silly saying brothership or friendhood.

    It's very uncommon to join -hood or -ship to arbitrary words, you only typically use these suffixes when they're part of a well-known word: knighthood, womanhood, manhood, friendship, relationship, entrepreneurship, etc. I would go so far as to call this a rule. Whatever you're trying to express with -hood or -ship can be expressed as another word (e.g., "union" instead of "workerhood") or a phrase (e.g.,

    2018-01-13 01:24:12
  • You can think of -hood as species or kind or group, and -ship as state.

    Neighborhood (the group of your neighbors)

    Friendship (a state of amity)

    2018-01-13 01:49:30